Everywhere, intense and penetrating, are the marks of history: the epic of torn city water and grown in the shadow of Byzantium by the Commerce and ships, the Republic aristocratic wonderful for art, politics, culture between the fourteenth and sixteenth century, the Venice in slow decline until the glamorous end of the State (1797) and then immersed in the life and problems of modern times, which are our own. This is compact, while "air" and concrete that makes a visit to Venice, however brief, among the most accomplished and satisfying life that is given.
Venice is the main city in the Veneto and north-eastern Italy. His municipality has about 300,000 inhabitants and is the capital of the province and the Veneto region. The city is located on the Lagoon in the gulf and is 28 km from Treviso and 30 from Padua. In 1979 the entire city with all the Laguna was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. It is historically known as the Serenissima.
The city is spread over 118 islands connected by 354 bridges and separated by 177 canals. To visit it, it helps to know the meaning of specific terms, which take on special significance in Venice:
calle: street longer than wide.
campo, campiello: small squares (in Venice the term is reserved only to the square of San Marco).
fondamenta: the road along the canal and is called so, because it serves as the foundation for the buildings that rise along the channel.
ramo: lane branches off the main street.
rio: small canal.
ruga: street lined on both sides with shops and houses.
salizzada (or Salizada): very wide street, the salizzada were the first to be paved.
sestieri: are the parts on which the city was divided in 1170, for administrative purposes. The Venetians are six districts: Dorsoduro, Santa Croce, San Polo, San Marco, Cannaregio and Castello.
terrà (or terà): stream that was buried and the site of the channel is a way.
The main channels of the city are the Canal Grande and the Giudecca Canal. The first cuts through the city by drawing an "S", the second separates the old town itself from the island of Giudecca.